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All You Need to Know About Iceland

13. May 2022, 19 min reading time

Iceland is typically divided into seven geographical regions and each one contributes unique and captivating elements that should be on every Iceland travel wish list.

As a geothermal paradise comprising Northern Iceland, Eastern Iceland, Southern Iceland, Western Iceland, The Westfjords, Reykjavik, and the Reykjanes, Iceland travel is not short of possibilities and possesses something to offer every traveler, regardless of their desires.

Besides glorious glaciers, dormant volcanoes, jagged lava fields, and boiling geysers, Icelandic folklore, and its captivating history are the prime attractions to this scenic country and are what continually shape the land still today. 

Lonely Planet recently published the WestFjords as the No.1 Regional Destination for Travel in 2022 and we are delighted to welcome you there with open arms.


Iceland Weather


Regardless of the season, Iceland offers breathtaking views!

Due to its stunning location within the Arctic Circle, Iceland caters for a broad contrast of seasons and temperatures. 

Interestingly, the weather in Iceland can be quite unpredictable throughout the year. You can experience a mix of all weathers on the same day and regardless of the season, you are guaranteed to be introduced to some of the most magnificent natural wonders the planet has to offer. 

Whether dusted in the pastel shades of springtime, the orange warmth of the Midnight Summer Sun, a blanket of brown as the leaves start to fall, or crisp-white snow as the earth declares winter, you are in for a treat.


Journey through Iceland's landscapes

Let's take a look at the averaging temperatures throughout the seasons:

  • The month of April greets us with spring and welcomes temperatures from anywhere between 1°C to 6°C, although from experience, it is relatively colder during the night.
  • Summer officially runs from June through August with an average temperature of 10° to 15°C accompanied by the Midnight Sun.
  • Entering the darker nights, autumn starts to arrive in September and can present temperatures drifting between 6°C and 11°C.
  • Winter in Iceland officially lasts a little longer. From November through March, temperatures range between 0°C to -5°C throughout the coldest months and experiences heavy snowfall.

We recommended travelling to them all!


Icelandic Dining Culture


Svið – Sheep’s head or Hrútspungar - sour ram’s testicles? Find out more!

One thing for sure is, the Icelanders love their food. But then again, who doesn’t? Travellers from far and not so far, come to the Icelandic shores to sample some of their finest seasonal cuisines.

Locally sourced produce and a fresh catch of the day are common and certainly popular around the coastal towns of Iceland. More traditionally, Icelandic food revolves around dairy, bread, potatoes, fish and lamb but don’t be surprised to find a more daring dish on the menu during your vacation.

Hákarl - local fermented shark, Kjötsupa – traditional lamb meat soup, Plokkfiskur - traditional fish stew, Hardfiskur - dried fish jerky, yoghurt and rye bread are popular amongst the Icelanders and they love for you to try.

If you wish to sample something a little peculiar and not an everyday offering, try either their Svið – Sheep’s head or Hrútspungar - sour ram’s testicles. We will take your word for how it tastes.Browse Iceland's Culinary Adventures


Iceland Landmarks and Popular Destinations

It is pretty much possible to walk the whole of Iceland. 

We say that cautiously, as some destinations are unreachable unless otherwise guided and may consist of elements that require some substantial amount of fitness. On the other hand, there are many that are easily reachable.

With a choice of spectacular national parks, deep winding valleys, high-topped mountains and iced grand glaciers; Iceland’s hiking opportunities are so diverse there is something for everyone and a reason to return year after year.

Backpackers can start their adventure from one of Iceland’s small idyllic towns, many snaked with easy hiking
trails that grant magnificent views of the land’s most fascinating landmarks.

From Westfjords to the Eastfjords


Enjoy hikes across some of the most stunning scenery in Iceland

Longer hiking trails and some of the country’s favourites are Laugavegur and Fimmvörðuháls Hiking Trails, Hornstrandir Nature Reserve in the Westfjords (as voted No.1 for Regional Destination in 2022 by Lonely Planet) and Víknaslóðir Hiking Trails in the Eastfjords.

Smaller hiking trails can be found within Iceland’s beautiful National Parks and draw attention from travellers for their camping options nestled within. Sprinkled with accessible campsites in all its corners, if you wish to camp outside one of the designated grounds, you’ll need permission from whoever owns the land.

What better way to surround yourself with the pristine, unspoiled Icelandic nature than to set up your tent and sip your warm berry juice bathed under the Midnight Sun or the Northern Lights? Browse Iceland's Fjords Adventures

Icelandic Wilderness

puffins iceland

Friendly and curious puffins will make an amazing backdrop photograph

Wildlife in Iceland is rich with birdlife, marine mammals and land mammals that draw travellers to its shores each year. With historical stories outlining the arrival of some, it's no wonder that the land is surrounded by old folklore beliefs and rich heritage.

Icelandic Horses, the original mode of transport, hold a significant place in the Icelander's history. As one of the purest breeds of horses in the world and an animal that exceeds expectations with an excellent five gaits, it is loved for its power, strength and welcoming character.Browse Icelandic Horse Adventures

Also, did you know that the curious Arctic Fox, whose coats are enabled to endure the Arctic winter months, came to Iceland before the Viking settlement? It is thought that it came along the ice from Greenland and mainland Scandinavia. Creating quite a stir throughout its history, it has been known to be incredibly gifted at pinching chickens, digging holes and clawing through parlours. Nowadays, it is recognised as the only Icelandic native animal. Browse Iceland's Arctic Fox Adventures


The significant history of the Icelandic Horse is important

Roaming the skies and regularly nestled on sea cliffs around the country, puffins, skuas and kittiwakes stay for the summer season before escaping the harsh winters with their young. A photographer's paradise.Browse Iceland's Puffin Adventures

The ocean also comes bearing gifts and the spotlight for Whale Watching is significant in the town of Húsavík, a northern coastal town that claims the title of the best sightings in all of Europe. In summer, when the chances are almost guaranteed, you may catch sightings of humpback whales, minke whales, white-beaked dolphins and harbour porpoises. Although blue, fin, sei, beaked, pilot, beluga and killer whales are also seen on rare occasions. Browse Iceland's Whale Adventures

You are not alone in Iceland that's for sure.

The Famous Golden Circle Tour


Gullfoss Waterfall, otherwise known as ‘The Golden Falls’

The majority of adventures in Iceland start from the notorious capital city of Reykjavik; it offers easy access to the whole island and is the main travel hub for tourists.

You may have heard of the famous Golden Circle tour, a 225 km journey of a lifetime from Reykjavik. It consists of visiting three of Iceland’s most remarkable landscapes nestled into one route and presents a deep dive into the rich history and natural phenomena surrounding the country.

The National Park of Þingvellir, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, sits in a rift valley caused by the separation of two tectonic plates, the Eurasian and the North American. It was the original home of the Icelandic parliament, dating as far back as 930 A.D and the most significant decisions of Icelandic history were made here.

Did you know Iceland is the only place in the world where this rift is above sea level? There is not one other place where you can see the edges of both plates as clearly as in Þingvellir. Interesting right?

Secondly, incorporated into this superior triad is the extraordinary Great Geysir of Haukadalur Valley. The whole area is a geothermal park resting above a boiling hot bath. Although now deemed dormant, its neighbour Strokkur geyser is believed to erupt every 5-10 minutes, spouting water and steam some 20m in the air.

And, last but not least - Gullfoss Waterfall, otherwise known as ‘The Golden Falls’. Found in Hvítá River Canyon, it has both historical significances as well as is substantial by itself. The waterfall originates from the Langjökull glacier and gets its name from the golden hue it gives off as it tumbles down into the canyon.

The Golden Circle - a golden medal for Iceland.Browse Iceland's Golden Circle Adventures


The Northern Lights Season


Let's see the Northern Lights in Iceland!

September through April is the best time to see the Northern Lights in Iceland. The darkened skies allow vivid pink, blue, green and purple lights to display a unique and scientifically endorsed phenomenon for all.

Aurora Borealis is created when solar particles interact with the atmosphere in the Earth's magnetic field and due to its location within the Aurora Zone, Iceland’s diverse landscapes are decorated in tune with the dancing lights. 

On your Icelandic holiday, venture out into the unspoiled wilderness with your family and friends, hop in an arctic truck to the top of the glacier, enjoy a snowmobile ride in the valley, cruise silently on the still ocean, or snowshoe hike into the unknown, all circling underneath the power of the open skies.

Take a look at our Northern Lights Photography Guide for help capturing the perfect photo of the Aurora Borealis.Browse Iceland's Northern Lights Adventures


The Land of the Midnight Sun 


Discover the shades of an Icelandic Midnight Sun Sky

In contrast, the Midnight Sun, where the sun is visible for almost 24 hours a day, hugs the Icelandic lands from Mid-May through to Mid-August. 

The summer glow allows visitors and locals the time to revel in the extended hours of daylight. A variety of events happen throughout Iceland and inside its capital city to fully appreciate the summer warmth. Icelanders love a party and any excuse to celebrate; the longest day of the year, the summer solstice, is met with the energetic and fun-packed Secret Midnight Sun Festival. 

During your summer vacation, soak up the sun rays in a hot spring, sail into the golden horizon on a sunny arctic cruise, or munch on a Lappish barbeque with your friends after a midnight hike in the glaciers. 

Like the daylight, the opportunities are endless.Browse Iceland's Midnight Sun Adventures


Hot Springs in Iceland


Relax in the soothing Blue Lagoon

Iceland’s geothermal seawater has been a proven benefit for both the mind and the body and remains a great topic of research. Whether under the glow of the Midnight Sun or surrounded by a blanket of snow, the Icelanders love to bathe and use this opportunity in all seasons.

You can too experience the radiant powers of the stimulating geothermal seawater, either in one of the sought after thermal baths or hard-to-find hot springs in almost all the corners of Iceland.

With easy accessibility even from its historic capital city, the waters of the famous Blue Lagoon prove due to the richness in silica, algae and mineral salt, the water strengthens, renews, and nourishes the skin, leaving you feeling radiant and rejuvenated. No wonder it is on Iceland’s most-wanted list and a National Geographic trophy.

But that is not all, thanks to the strong volcanic activities, an abundance of amazingly remote and natural hot springs can be found all over the country. Burrowed silently and miniature compared to the vast expanse of Icelandic nature, hot springs are left untouched and unseen. Bring your swimsuit and towel. With some not having changing facilities, we highly recommend it!Browse Iceland's Hot Spring Adventures


Iceland Travel Packages and Vacation Tips

We hope that our blog has given you some valuable Icelandic vacation tips for your upcoming journey!

Here at Booknordics.com, we are Iceland travel experts and we are happy to help you anytime. Sign up for our email newsletter to discover more.

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